Research

The association of fetal macrosomia and neonatal hypoglycaemia

T R Moodley, N R Maharaj, J Moodley

Abstract


Background. The clinical management of fetal macrosomia in pregnant women poses a challenge for obstetricians globally. This has become increasingly important in recent times due to the rising incidence of this condition and its associated risks to both the mother and infant, including birth injuries and neonatal hypoglycaemia.
Objective. To investigate the association between neonatal hypoglycaemia and fetal macrosomia in a cohort of South African black non-diabetic women.
Methods. This retrospective study analysed the clinical outcomes of 415 macrosomic babies born to non-diabetic women between 2015 and 2016 at a regional hospital in Durban, South Africa.
Results. Of the 415 macrosomic babies, 52 had hypoglycaemia (<2.6 mmol/L). The prevalence rate of neonatal hypoglycaemia was therefore 12.53%.
Conclusion. Neonatal hypoglycaemia is a common complication in babies with macrosomia born to black non-diabetic South African pregnant women.


Authors' affiliations

T R Moodley, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Prince Mshiyeni Memorial Hospital, Umlazi, Durban, South Africa

N R Maharaj, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Prince Mshiyeni Memorial Hospital, Umlazi, Durban, South Africa; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Clinical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

J Moodley, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Clinical Medicine, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

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Cite this article

South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2023;29(1):. DOI:10.7196/sajog.1657

Article History

Date submitted: 2024-01-25
Date published: 2024-01-25

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