Research

Female genital mutilation/cutting: Knowledge, practice and experiences of secondary school teachers in North Central Nigeria

A S Adeniran, A A Fawole, O R Balogun, M A Ijaiya, K T Adesina, I P Adeniran

Abstract


Background. Despite global efforts at eradicating female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), the act continues to be performed globally.

Objective. To determine the experience of school teachers about FGM/C and their possible role in contributing to its eradication.

Methods. A prospective cross-sectional survey involving secondary school teachers from 18 secondary schools in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria, was undertaken during October and November 2014. All consenting participants completed a self-administered questionnaire on FGM/C. Statistical analysis was with SPSS version 20.0 with χ2 and logistic regression; p-value <0.05 was significant.

Results. There were 371 participants (113 (30.5%) males and 258 (69.5%) females). More females were aware of FGM/C (205 v. 94; χ2 41.2; p=0.001); 180 (69.8%) women and 81 (71.7%) men want awareness and implications of FGM/C to be taught in schools, while 46 (17.8%) women and 23 (20.4%) men have previously educated students about FGM/C. Also, 109 (42.3%) of the female teachers had been mutilated (mean (standard deviation) age 4.76 (4.86) years) and 49 mutilations (45.0%) had been performed by traditional circumcisers. Of the teachers, 44.0% of men and 24.5% of women had subjected their daughters to FGM/C (p=0.029), mostly for religious reasons. The men initiated the majority of their daughters’ mutilations while the mothers-in-law were the main initiators among the women; 44 (17.0%) women and 23 (20.4%) men held the opinion that females should be circumcised, while the majority considered education and legislation as the most important interventions to encourage its eradication. Predictors of the likelihood to support discontinuation of FGM/C include awareness of government policy about FGM/C and having a mutilated daughter.     

Conclusion. Education, reorientation and motivation of teachers will position them as agents for eradicating FGM/C.

Authors' affiliations

A S Adeniran, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin and University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

A A Fawole, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin and University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

O R Balogun, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin and University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

M A Ijaiya, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin and University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

K T Adesina, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Ilorin and University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

I P Adeniran, In-service Education Unit, Nursing Services Department, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

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Keywords

Femnale genital mutilation; Cutting; Secondary school teachers; Nigeria

Cite this article

South African Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2015;21(2):39-43. DOI:10.7196/sajog.1047

Article History

Date submitted: 2015-12-15
Date published: 2015-12-15

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